Cocker Spaniel Information:
The Hard Facts

Looking for reliable Cocker Spaniel Information? Discover all you need to know about this adorable breed, including info about their loving temperament, characteristics and health concerns!

English Cocker Spaniel Facts: History

As the name suggests, Cocker Spaniels originally came from Spain. They have been with us for many years, either as willing gun dogs, faithful companions, or loving family pets.

Beautiful orange rowan cocker spaniel with his tongue out.Copyright: Aurelia Werneck

These sturdy little gun dogs were given the name 'Cocker' because of the woodcock they were bred to catch.

They have a good nose, and this good sense of smell allows Cockers to flush birds from hedgerows and fields so that the hunters (following behind the dogs) could shoot the birds as they emerged.

The Spaniels, who were trained to retrieve the birds using a soft mouth, would then trot off merrily to retrieve the game.

If you'd like to learn more about the history of Cockers you can follow the link.

Cocker Spaniel Information: Temperament

Cocker Spaniels are very gentle and loving dogs, and once you've owned one, I guarantee you won't want to own any other breed of dog, ever!

They're very affectionate and playful, and although they can be reserved with strangers, once they get to know you, they are very friendly and extremely loyal.

They love to bark to let you know that someone is coming up the garden path, or there's someone at the door, but if you’re looking for a burglar alarm, forget it, a Cocker is more likely to lick an intruder into submission!

Cocker Spaniels can sometimes be timid, which is why it’s especially important to make sure your puppy gets lots of socialisation, as early as possible. It should continue well past his first year to help him become a happy, confident dog without behavioural problems!

They can be a little stubborn too, but they are inquisitive, intelligent, and so willing to please - all of which make them very easy to train.

They're exceptional hounds, equally happy as working gun dogs, as affectionate companions, and as they're especially good with children of all ages, they make good family pets.

I may be biased, but the Cocker Spaniel temperament is definitely a winner for me!

Cocker Spaniel Information: Characteristics

As you can see from this photo, Cockers are very handsome dogs, with their luxuriously glossy, silky coat and typically long, floppy ears. Aren't they just adorable?

Black and white cocker spaniel with golden cocker peeking over other dog's shoulder.Copyright: Isselee

Their tails, docked or otherwise, are always wagging!

In fact, Cockers often wag their tails so enthusiastically that their bottoms wiggle from side to side too! You’ve heard the saying, ‘the tail wagging the dog’? Well, I’m just saying!

And when they look up at you with those beautiful soulful eyes, who could possibly resist them?

Cocker Spaniel characteristics are so very appealing, but one word of caution, they can sometimes be a little greedy and will eat almost anything on offer. Mine certainly does.

Only last week, he (accidentally?) munched his way through an entire box of doggie bones!

Cockers are also prone to pupping on weight as they grow older so their diet needs to be managed carefully.

Cocker Spaniel Information: Health Matters

Most dog breeds have health problems that are specific to their breed and the Cocker is no exception.

Whilst most of the hereditary health problems are gradually being bred out by responsible breeders, there are still some problems that do exist - as with all types of dog – for example:

Please do not think that your pet will succumb to all of the above. It's just not true. These are simply some of the health problems that the Cocker Spaniel could develop at some point in his lifetime.

If you own or are planning to own this wonderful breed, I think it will be helpful to understand what problems may arise, and you can learn more about Cocker health concerns here.

English Cocker Spaniel Information: Coat Colours

Cocker Spaniels have medium to long coats which may be straight or wavy and feel very silky to the touch. They have feathers on their legs, chest, and underbelly.

Six black and tan cocker spaniel puppies in a leather briefcase.Copyright: Juliane Meyer

The Cocker Spaniel's coat can be seen in some beautiful solid colours such as golden, red, chocolate (liver), or black, black and tan, liver and tan, and parti-colours for example, orange and white, liver and white, lemon and white, and black and white.

Then there are the tri-colours, black, white and tan; and liver, white and tan.

Roan markings are probably one of my favourites, especially the blue roan. Other colours include orange roan, liver roan, lemon roan, blue roan and tan, liver roan and tan.

You may see some patterns and markings, and sometimes you may see a small white on the chest and throat, or tan markings, for example, on the eyebrows, throat or feet.

Although Cockers are not renowned for shedding, some do. Thankfully, mine doesn't shed too much, it's manageable, but Max does need to be brushed at least once a week to keep shedding to a minimum.

That's not too much to ask, is it?

Grooming and On-going Maintenance


Your Cocker's coat will need to be brushed every day if he's regularly walked in fields and enjoys rummaging in the undergrowth, but if he's walked in the local park or around town, you’ll probably get away with brushing him once a week.

Cocker Spaniel Information: Ears

His ears, however, will probably need to be brushed twice or more each week to keep them silky and tat-free.

Extra care should be taken to brush under the ears and around the openings as that's where they tend to mat the most.

I keep the hair around the entrance to the ear canal trimmed very short to allow air to circulate, and because bacteria thrives in warm damp places, this helps keep bacteria in check.

His ears will need to be cleaned once a week to ensure bacteria is kept to a minimum and infection is avoided.


You can bathe your Cocker monthly, or every three months, depending on what he gets up to, and so long as he doesn't roll in anything nasty.

I usually give Max the sniff test – if he smells horrible, I bathe him. If he just smells of warm ‘doggie’, I’m happy to leave him for a while longer.

Cocker Spaniel Information: Eyes

Their eyes need to be cleaned regularly too.

I check Max’s eyes most days. If there’s any gunk in the corners, I remove it with a damp soft tissue to prevent irritation or infection.

Always remember to use a separate tissue for each eye to prevent cross-infection.

Cocker Spaniel Information: Grooming Sessions

There are other routine checks that I recommend you add into your Spaniel's grooming sessions, such as; cleaning his ears, clipping his nails and checking his teeth. If you'd like a more detailed explanation of how to groom your Cocker Spaniel, just follow the link.

Cocker Spaniel Information: Exercise

Cockers are energetic dogs and love nothing more than a long brisk walk or a run in the park. Keep your pet well-exercised, and you will have a calm, contented dog.

An hour each day should be enough, but if you’re prepared to do more, go for it!

Cocker Spaniel Information: Other Spaniel Breeds

Other Spaniel breeds to learn about, including the American Cocker, the Clumber Spaniel, the Irish Water Spaniel, the Field Cocker.

Clumber spaniel surrounded by green fernsCopyright: Thandi at

Some are more pleasing on the eye than others, and some more suited to a particular type of terrain, and a few make better hunting dogs than household pets.

The photo to the right shows a Clumber Spaniel. The Clumber is quite a chunky dog and often has a very sorrowful look. It is the heaviest of the breeds, but I have to say, I think they look gorgeous! We had a Clumber living near us when we lived in the UK (his name was Rocks!), and he was such a lovely looking, good-natured dog. He was such a character too!

Although some of these breeds look very different from what we have come to love as the more typical Spaniel, they all have a special place in my heart.

Follow the link for a brief description and photograph of a range of Spaniel breeds.

Cocker Spaniel Information: To Sum Up...

I hope the information about the Cocker Spaniel outlined on this page has given you a better understanding of this fabulous breed and that you're feeling a little more confident now.

They really are a delightful breed, and so long as they're trained and socialised well, they will fit into any family home, especially a home with children.

If you've not found your puppy yet, I hope you find the articles below very useful:

Buying And Choosing Your Puppy

There is a lot to understand about buying a puppy, and this article is packed full of helpful tips about what to look out for before you part with your cash.

Black cocker spaniel mother with her chocolate cocker puppy.Photographer: Rob Waterhouse

For example, did you know that there are puppy tests that you can do to help understand how the pup is going to turn out? (Information such as this is vital to the uninitiated!)

And did you know that if you've never owned a dog before, you should choose a less dominant puppy?

Plump for a slightly subservient pup and you'll have a much easier time all around.

Who knew that picking a puppy could be so involved?

Finding A Reliable Breeder

Once you know what to look for in a puppy, you may then like to know how to find a good breeder, but how will you know that you've found a reliable breeder and not one who's just in it for the money?

Don't know where to begin?

Our directory of Cocker Spaniel breeders will help you find a breeder local to you, give you tips and ideas on what to look for in a breeder and what questions to ask.

Well, it’s over to you now - I wish you lots of luck and success in finding your perfect puppy!

More Information About Cocker Spaniels

I thought you might like to see a gorgeous orange roan Cocker Spaniel in action, so I've added this video that one of our loyal visitors (Mark from Latvia) very kindly sent us.

Here it is...more information about Cocker Spaniels. We hope you enjoy it!

Photo Credits for Cocker Spaniel Information:
1. Aurelia Werneck at
2. Isselee at
3. Juliane Meyer at
4. Thandi at
5. Photographer: at