Choosing a puppy? All You Need to Know to Help Pick Your Puppy

Choosing a puppy is easy; they're all so gorgeous! But picking the perfect puppy for you and your family can be challenging. Understand what to look for from the breeder and learn how to choose a puppy to ensure you bring home your perfect little boy or girl!

Puppies Are Cute. You May Be Tempted to Pick Two From The Litter. Don't! Here's Why

Just look at these gorgeous golden Cocker Spaniel puppies!

Seriously, they're so cute! How could you possibly choose only one?

But, before we go any further, please let me advise you against choosing two puppies.

You may think two puppies mean twice the love and twice the fun, but unfortunately, it doesn't always turn out like that.

It's just not worth the extra work (and stress!) unless you're a saint and have plenty of time on your hands. Trust me on this one!

Five cute golden cocker spaniel puppies in an old suitcase. They are all sleeping and look so cute!Pick me! Pick me!

How To Choose Your Puppy: Here's How To Pick The Best Puppy For Your Family

Before choosing a puppy, you must be sure you are dealing with a professional breeder, not a puppy farm. There are checks you can do before selecting a breeder, but if you're already at their premises, you can do a few things now.

Check Out The Puppies' Sleeping Quarters

Take the time to look at their living area and check the following:

  • Is the puppies' sleeping area large enough?

    It shouldn't be cramped. It's okay for the puppies to huddle together to sleep (and they probably will), but there should be enough space to move away and sleep alone if they prefer.

  • Is their den poop free and clean?
  • Does it smell bad? It should smell of warm milky puppies!
  • Is the bedding clean, and does each pup have his own blanket?
  • Are there bowls of clean water available?

Choosing A Puppy: Do The Puppies Seem Confident? 

The breeder will have almost certainly begun to socialize each of the puppies because they realize the importance of socialization in helping the pups develop into well-adjusted, confident adult dogs. 

If not carried out thoroughly, the puppy may become scared of its shadow and develop behavioural problems later in life.

A good breeder will be able to show that their pups have been adequately socialized and are used to being picked up and stroked. They may have been taken out in the car and will almost certainly have been introduced to friends and other (vaccinated) dogs.

Find out precisely what socialization they have had so far, and then make sure you continue socializing your puppy when you get your tiny fur-ball home.

Watch The Puppies Play!

Before choosing a puppy from the litter, closely watch how they interact and socialize with their siblings and any humans present.

Watch the pups while they play, and ask yourself the following questions:

  • Do they seem happy?
  • Are the puppies curious, lively and energetic?
  • Are they confident with their litter-mates?
  • Clap your hands to see how the puppies react to sudden or unusual noises. Do they overreact, or is their reaction mild?
  • Did the pups happily trot over to you when you arrived, or did they shy away?
  • Do they seem comfortable about being handled by people?

When choosing a puppy, you look for little or no adverse reaction to sudden noises and movements and a healthy curiosity towards strangers.

Choosing A Puppy With A Good Temperament

Finding a pup with the right temperament to suit your family's circumstances is essential.

Choosing a friendly puppy and one that is comfortable about being picked up, cuddled, and/or stroked is essential; otherwise, you may find him too difficult to manage.

Black and white, with a bit of tan, Cocker puppy, lying on a yellow-fringed blanket. It looks like he's barking, but he may be yawning!Choose me, choose me!

With the breeder's permission, pick up and handle each puppy.

If you need help picking up a puppy, ask your breeder to show you, and remember to let the pup get used to your smell before you scoop him off the floor.

If any seem uncomfortable about being handled, it may be a sign that they haven't been socialized correctly, or it could be the sign of a dominant puppy.

Unless you're an experienced dog owner, don't choose the most active puppy in the litter, this will usually be the most dominant, and you may find it challenging to manage.

Don't choose the litter's weakest (the runt), as it may develop behavioural and/or health problems.

Choosing a plump, lively puppy (but not too lively) and one that has a slightly mischievous personality is a much better idea.

If you have any doubts about which puppy to choose, ask your breeder for advice; they will be able to help you pick a dog that's most suited to you and your family.

There are some simple dog temperament tests that you can do with each puppy to determine their personality and suitability.

However, it's likely that the breeder will be familiar with each of the puppies' temperament and will be able to identify the more boisterous of the litter, the quiet one, or the genuinely mischievous puppy.

Lively Cute Cocker Spaniel Puppies Playing With Their Toys!

These little guys are only 6 weeks old, but their personalities are beginning to show, as you can clearly see from the video. Aren't they just so cute?

Check The Mother: Does She Look Healthy?

It's also important to look at the mother when choosing your puppy. For example,

  • Does she look healthy?
  • Is her coat in good condition?

    Her coat may not look its best right now (especially if she has many hungry mouths to feed!), but it shouldn't be matted or dirty; there should be no signs of neglect!
  • What's her temperament like? Is she confident and friendly, bearing in mind you are around her babies?

    Although the mother may be protective toward her pups, she shouldn't be aggressive. On the other hand, she shouldn't be timid and shy away from you either.

Don't go any further if you're not happy with what you see or you're in any doubt about the pup's health or environment. Thank the breeder for their time, make your excuses, and leave.

Choosing A Puppy That's Healthy is Essential!

If you like what you see, check each puppy to make sure they're all healthy:

  • Do they look well-fed; are they rounded and plump?

  • Are their coats smooth and glossy?

  • Check the pup's eyes for discharge; they should be clear and shining but not runny.

  • Check their ears - are they clear? Give them a quick sniff. Do they smell? It may be a sign of bacteria or infection if they smell bad.

  • Check the tummy button for lumps to ensure the puppy doesn't have an umbilical hernia.

  • Check the pup's mouth and teeth.

    When choosing a puppy, you need to be sure it has the correct bite; the upper teeth should close over the bottom teeth, and their gums should be a healthy-looking pink; if they look pale, it could be a sign of a poor diet.

If they get the all-clear, move on to the next step below.

The Perfect Time For Choosing A Puppy From The Litter?

Four beautiful black and tan cocker spaniel puppies sitting in a row. There is a lovely blue sky behind them.I'm going to choose the puppy with his tongue out!

The best time to choose a puppy is when they're between 6 and 8 weeks old. They're neurologically sound and are beginning to look more like their 'adult selves' by this time.

Any markings will have started to show (unless they're solid colours), and their delightful characteristics and infamous gentle temperament will begin to develop.

Between 6 to 8 weeks, the puppies will be running around, exploring their environment and generally getting into mischief; their little personalities are beginning to shine!

You've probably already decided whether you want a little boy or a little girl puppy, what colour you'd like and whether or not you plan to show your puppy when they are older.

But whatever you decide, your main objective when choosing from the litter is to pick a healthy, confident, happy little Cocker Spaniel.

Use the recommendations below to make a checklist of things to look for when it's time to pick your puppy or follow this link to the Dogs Trust.

Are You Choosing A Puppy To Show?

At around 6 to 8 weeks, the puppies should be starting to look like miniature adult Cocker Spaniels...oh so cute!

If you're looking for a show Cocker, let your breeder know. She may want the first pick of the litter, but (s)he'll help you pick the second-best for showing.

When choosing a puppy, however, there are no guarantees. Your pup may continue to change as he grows older and may not be suitable to show.

On the positive side, your 'second choice' may well turn out to be an even better show dog than the first - a real beauty!

Reserve A Puppy Before It's Born

Orange and white, Brittany Cocker puppy fast asleep - cute! Pale turquoise background.Zzzzz....

If you reserve a pup before it's born, the breeder may allow you to visit and view the litter when the puppies are about one or two weeks old; any earlier, and there's too much risk of introducing infection to the litter.

Once the puppies are over two weeks old, you may be allowed to visit once a week, which will help you and the breeder get to know each other and help you get to know the puppies better.

When Choosing A Puppy There Will Be Questions!

A genuinely caring breeder will want to make sure that each puppy is going to a good home and that you will make a responsible owner.

Three Cocker spaniel puppies snuggling by the radiator for warmth. Two of the puppies are orange roans and the other one is a blue roan.Brrr, it's chilly!

Whilst you may feel like you're being 'grilled' by the breeder, you shouldn't be offended by any of the questions they may ask. They only want what's best for their puppies.

Whilst choosing a dog can be an exciting and emotional experience, it's easy to get carried away with excitement and forget to ask relevant questions about the puppies.

Your breeder will be expecting you to do so and may become suspicious if you don't, so make sure you understand what kind of questions you should be asking about their puppies.

Once you've chosen your ideal puppy, you might like to read our page about bringing your new puppy home to help fully prepare you for the BIG DAY!

You might then like to go on and read this helpful guide on puppy care which will help you through those first few frantic (but exciting) weeks.

Good luck and enjoy!

Photo Credits for Choosing A Puppy:
1. Liliya Kulianion at
2. Cynoclub at
3. Willeecole at
4. Xandert at
5. DWA100 at