Learn more about dog ticks: what diseases they cause; how to find them on your dog; how to remove them safely and quickly; and how to protect your Cocker Spaniel from them in the first place.
In order to know how to keep our Cockers safe from dog ticks, it's essential to understand a little about them, their habitat and the diseases they transmit.
On this page I cover the following, simply click on any of the links to go directly to that particular section:
Dog ticks are spider-like parasites that feed on your pet's blood.
Of all the unwelcome visitors your Cocker Spaniel is likely to bring home, these are probably one of the most unpleasant.
Aside from being pretty yucky, they can cause many nasty diseases (some fatal) and should be removed from your Spaniel immediately. I'll explain how to do that later.
Although it's possible for dog ticks to infect humans too, they still prefer to feed on canines.
(That's reassuring! Although I have had one attach itself to my arm, but thankfully, I managed to remove it before it could begin to feed - yuk!)
Depending upon climate and environmental conditions, ticks may be active all year round.
However, they're usually more active during the spring and autumn months and can be found in tall grasses, pastures, weeds, moorland and woodland.
Just like dog fleas, ticks are attracted to movement, vibration and warmth and will lurk in vegetation awaiting the unsuspecting passer-by.
When a warm-blooded animal (or human) brushes past, the warmth and vibration will trigger this parasitic hitch-hiker into action and it will climb onto the host.
It will then crawl through the coat towards the warmth of the skin where it will settle in a crevice or a place with little or no hair.
The tick pierces the skin and begins to feed on your dog.
As it feeds, its body fills with blood and becomes engorged (about the size of a pea). It also changes colour to a lighter grey, making it much easier to see.
The parasite won't release its grip until it has finished feeding, which could be anywhere between 5 and 7 days!
It's during this time that one of the parasites that live inside the tick (spirochaete bacteria - which causes Lyme disease) makes its way out of the tick and into the host's bloodstream.
If you'd like to know more about what happens when a tick bites you, this great article in National Geographic, written by Ed Young, is just the tick...et. (Sorry, couldn't resist the pun!)
There's also a video of a tick feeding. It's a bit gruesome, but well worth watching.
Here's the link to the article, I hope you enjoy it, but don't forget to come back and finish reading this page.
There are hundreds of tick species around the world and these bloodsucking parasites can transmit some terrible diseases, such as:
Not all of these diseases are common in the UK, but they can be found in other parts of Europe, Africa and the United States of America.
Diseases more common to the UK are:
Ticks common to the United States of America:
Learn more about their geographic distribution within the USA.
Some of the common dog ticks that can be found in the UK:
A more comprehensive list showing their general habitat and preferred hosts can be found here.
As well as passing disease to our dogs, fleas and ticks can also transmit disease to us too!
It's really important that all ticks are removed as soon as you spot them, whether on human flesh or our dogs; the sooner you remove a dog tick, the more you reduce the risk of disease.
If your pet is unlucky enough to have picked up a disease from a tick, he may begin to display one or more of these symptoms:
If you or your pet display any of the above symptoms, particularly if you've recently had a problem with ticks or you've been abroad, it's advisable to contact your doctor and/or your vet immediately.
Play it safe!
During tick season, it's advisable to check your Spaniel's coat and skin regularly if you want to keep him free from parasites. Here's how:
If you feel a lump, part his coat and take a look to see what's there. Depending on how long the tick has been attached, it will vary in size from a tiny pinhead to the size of a large pea.
Read on to learn the safest way to remove a dog tick.
If you find an attached tick, here's how to remove it:
If it's not yet attached, you can simply pick it up and dispose of it.
For removal of ticks that are attached, you can buy a special tool called a 'tick picker'. It's a two-pronged fork-like gizmo which grasps the tick (so you don't have to!).
They're relatively inexpensive and very easy to use, however, you can also use a pair of fine-tipped tweezers to do the same job, as follows:
When removing the tick by hand always wear disposable gloves to avoid coming into contact with bacteria or infectious germs. Don't put yourself at risk.
Pinch the underneath the tick's head (as close
to your dog's skin as possible) and gently pull the tick out. Be very careful not to squeeze the body otherwise potentially infected blood may be forced back into your
Remember, the closer you nip to the skin, the less chance there is of the tick's mouth-parts remaining embedded in your Spaniel.
Once you've removed the dog tick, dispose of it very carefully.
Here are a couple of suggestions:
If you keep the tick for say 3 months, and during that time your dog shows any symptoms of disease you can pass the tick on to your vet who will be able to have it tested to help with diagnosis.
There are some who recommend burning the tick with the end of a cigarette or a hot match head to force the tick to release its grip on the skin. I don't endorse this method because it's too dangerous and could burn your Cocker Spaniel.
Nor do I recommend using things like alcohol or nail varnish remover. They will not release the tick.
In addition, you can't kill a tick by flushing it down the toilet.
The only safe way to remove it is to use either a tick removal tool, a pair of fine tweezers, or by hand. If you're squeamish or worried about touching the tick, or about disease, invest in a box of latex gloves, the type that doctors and dentists use.
There are many treatments available to guard against ticks; shampoos, sprays, tick collars, dog tick powder.
You may need a prescription from your vet for some products, but most are available without prescription and can be bought direct from your local pet store.
The ‘spot on’ products that are advertised for tick and flea treatment are very effective (however you'll need a prescription for some lines). All flea treatments need to be applied correctly in order to be fully effective so be sure to follow the manufacturer's instructions.
If you prefer a more 'natural' approach, you can buy a herbal preparation from a health shop or you can make your own.
Apple cider vinegar will help to make your dog's blood more acidic, which (apparently) ticks and fleas find distasteful.
Simply add two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar to your Spaniel's food or water bowl (or one tablespoon in each).
Alternatively, you can use it to bath your dog with. Make up a solution of 1 part apple cider vinegar, 3 parts water, and a small squirt of baby shampoo. Wet your dog thoroughly and then rub this mixture into his coat and lather well.
Just make sure you get the solution in all the usual hiding places.
Citrus oils make a great natural tick and flea repellent.
Cut any citrus fruit into quarters (orange, lemon, lime, or grapefruit) and place in a large heatproof bowl. Add a pint of boiling water and cover.
Leave to cool overnight before squeezing the fruit and straining.
You can use this liquid either as a final rinse after bathing your dog or you can put it into a spray bottle and spray his coat in all the usual 'meeting places'.
Neem oil is a natural insecticide. It has anti-septic and anti-bacterial properties, it's safe and it will also repel fleas.
Eucalyptus, lavender and cedar oil are also said to be natural insecticides.
Don't put these oils directly onto your dog's skin. Essential oils need to be mixed with a 'carrier' such as almond oil otherwise they're too concentrated and may cause irritation.
The oil mixture can be rubbed on your dog's collar or dabbed onto his fur
Whichever essential oils you decide to use, it's important that you closely follow the manufacturer's instructions on the packaging, and especially any instruction for dilution.
Checking your Cocker's coat and skin regularly will help to keep dog ticks and fleas in check and will allow you to remove them quickly, before they can do any serious harm to your pet.
Always wear disposable gloves to protect your own health and make sure you dispose of the tick carefully. Water won't kill a tick, so flushing a live one down the toilet isn't the answer.
Keep it in a small jar of rubbing alcohol for 3 months just in case it's needed by your vet. If it's not needed it can then be safely flushed away.
Don't take any chances with your Cocker Spaniel's health - stay healthy my friends!