Different Spaniel Breeds

There are many other Spaniel breeds and they come in all shapes and sizes. Some are more pleasing on the eye than others, and some more suited to certain terrain than others, but we love them all - every single one of them, but especially the Clumber Spaniel!

There are many other Spaniel breeds, some are more pleasing on the eye than others, and some more suited to certain terrain than others, but we love them all! Why not check them out below?

Spaniel Breeds: American Cocker Spaniel

The American Cocker Spaniel is the smallest member of the gun-dog group.

American cocker spaniel breed, sitting on grass

They're slightly smaller than the English Cocker Spaniel and have a much heavier coat, especially in the solid colored dogs, they have a shorter muzzle and their head is more heavily domed.

Although the American Cocker Spaniel will point and retrieve game in the field, they are very willing little workers.

They're easily trained and great with children and because of this they're often kept as family pets. You'll often see them in the show ring too.

Discover more about the differences between the American Cocker Spaniel and the English Cocker Spaniel.


The Irish Water Spaniel

Beautiful brown Irish Water Spaniel in show ring

The Irish Water Spaniel, (also known as a Whip-tail, a bog dog, and a Shannon dog) has a liver colored coat which is very curly and tends not to shed.

They have a dense undercoat to protect them from the cold and the wet and a long thin (rat-like) tail without fur which helps them to steer while in the water.

They have webbed feet covered in fur; it goes without saying that these dogs are excellent swimmers!

They need lots of socialization when they're young and need to be well-trained because if left to their own devices can become stubborn, willful and unruly.

In this respect, they will benefit from having a confident owner who can easily be their leader.

The Irish water spaniel grows to between 51-58cms, (20-23") and can weigh up to 30kgs (66 lbs) and are used for many unusual activities, including cancer prediction and drug sniffing.

I wouldn't recommend them as a pet for families with young children because the children probably won't know how to manage a dog  like this properly.

Known to be the clown of the dog world the Irish water spaniel needs lots of exercise and to be able to romp and run freely - not a dog for an apartment or built-up areas.

The American Water Spaniel

The American Water Spaniel is a rare breed and it's thought that they are descendants of the Irish Water Spaniel, the Field Spaniel and the Old English Water Spaniel.

American Water Spaniel breeds

They are a medium-sized sporting dog traditionally used to retrieve waterfowl and their coats are tightly curled with a protective under layer which allows them to work well in water.

They stand at around 38-46cm high, (15-18") and weigh between 11.5-20.5 kg (25-45 lbs)

They're a very intelligent dog which means they can be easily trained for work, but they're also very good with children and very content being a family dog.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Cavalier King Charles spaniel, Blenheim coat, sitting on the path

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a different breed from the King Charles Spaniel, although it is a direct descendant.

The easiest way to differentiate between the two is by looking at the head. The Cavalier King Charles has a fairly flat head, whereas the King Charles Spaniel's head is quite domed.

Probably the smallest of the spaniel breeds, but they're well-balanced at around 30-33cm (12-13") in height, and between 5-8 kg (10-18 lbs) in weight.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has very gentle looking eyes, large and round but not prominent, their ears are long and set quite high on their head and they have wide open nostrils.

Their coat is long and straight, and very silky, sometimes slightly wavy, and has plenty of feathering.

They share the same coat colors as the King Charles Spaniel; black and tan, red, white and red, and a tricolor, white with black and tan markings.

They are eager and affectionate dogs and enjoy being part of the family.

Spaniel Breeds: The King Charles

The King Charles Spaniel is one of the smaller spaniel breeds and is sometimes also know as the English Toy Spaniel.

King Charles spaniel looking through chain link fence

It was originally bred in England for flushing small birds from the undergrowth.

However, because of their small size and friendly affectionate nature they were also used as lapdogs and can be found living happy lives in many homes with children.

The King Charles is a small sturdy dog with a pug nose and wide open (flared) nostrils.

They have a domed head and their jaw has a slight under-bite. They weigh between 4-6 Kg, (8-14 lbs) and can reach 25.5-30 cm (10-12") in height.

The King Charles Spaniel has a soft and silky coat and is quite well feathered.

Their coats come in black and tan, red, white and red, and a tricolor, white with black and tan markings.

Spaniel Breeds: Blue Picardy Spaniel

The Blue Picardy Spaniel originates from France, and is sometimes also known as Epagneul Bleu de Picardi.

They're medium-sized sporting dogs and with their long legs may sometimes be mistaken for setters. They grow to between 56-61cm (22-24") high, and weigh in at around 20.5 kg (45 lbs).

Blue Picardy spaniel breed

The Blue Picardy Spaniel is predominantly blue-grey with black patches and speckles.

Their coats are thick and flat and may occasionally be slightly wavy, with feathering on their ears, legs, underbelly and tail. They're fairly low maintenance and only require brushing weekly.

The Picardy is a good dog for children because they are extremely biddable and friendly and if you're considering getting a Picardy, be prepared to give it lots of exercise because they need it to get rid of their energy - they have lots of it!

The Boykin Spaniel

The Boykin Spaniel is originally from America. It's a medium-sized gun dog traditionally used for hunting and retrieving wild turkey and ducks, but can retrieve on both land and water.

Boykin spaniel, panting, headshot

The Boykin Spaniel is slightly larger than the Cocker Spaniel and has a heavier waterproof chocolate brown coat (also known as liver).

Their coats can be curly, slightly wavy or straight and are low maintenance, requiring brushing only once each week and an occasional bath.

They are better suited to a family with active kids as they have lots of stamina and will need plenty of running around to get rid of all that pent-up energy!

Spaniel Breeds: Clumber Spaniel

The Clumber Spaniel always looks very sad to me, with his sorrowful eyes making him look quite mournful! However, I think he's a handsome looking dog and is one of my favorites!

His coat is very dense and predominantly white with lemon or orange markings.

Clumber Spaniel breed amongst green ferns

He's the biggest of the spaniel breeds; he's long and low to the ground, strong and is also the heaviest of the spaniels. He stands between 43-51 cm height (17-20"), and weighs between 35-38.5 Ks (55-85 lbs). He's pretty chunky!

This dog is not as fast as other spaniel breeds but that doesn't hamper his work ability (bird flushing and retrieving) and will come up with the goods when required.

He can sometimes be little stubborn and will benefit from good training.

The Clumber Spaniel does well in families with children and if you're looking for a dog that doesn't have high energy levels, this is the breed for you. Clumbers enjoy a daily walk, but nothing strenuous, just a gentle stroll.

If you'd like more information on the Clumber Spaniel, just follow this link to the Clumber Spaniel club.

The Field Spaniel

Field Spaniels were traditionally used for flushing and retrieving game in the field and are one of the more rare spaniel breeds, in fact they almost became extinct.

Field Spaniel sitting on grass, bathed in golden sunlight

They're a medium-sized dog, with delicate, chiseled facial features, medium length ears and have quite a long body. They're slightly bigger than the Cocker but not so big as the Springer, and they enjoy plenty of exercise.

Their coats are usually flat or wavy and feathering in the usual places and their coats are either black or liver, sometimes with tan marking or spotting (roan).

The Field Spaniel has a biddable, loving temperament and makes a loving companion, but is equally happy as a working gun-dog, but as with all breeds, training must be a priority and exercise a close second to keep them happy and relaxed.

The French Spaniel

The French Spaniel, also known as Epagneul Francais, is not well-known outside of France. It's one of the taller spaniel breeds and can grow up to 60cms (24") in height.

Their coats are medium length, with a little feathering on the chest, underbelly, back of forelegs, and long feathers on the ears, and their coloring is white with liver patches of varying sizes.

The French Spaniel, also known as Epagneul Francais

They are a gun-dog capable of pointing and retrieving and can track and flush woodcock and grouse and are versatile enough to hunt on both land and in water, but they're at their best working in the field or forests.

This breed need a lot of exercise because they have plenty of stamina. They have a good temperament and are ideal for families with children, as long as the children treat the dog gently; they can be a little nervous and don't like being treated with a 'heavy hand'.

The German Spaniel

The German Spaniel is also known as the Deutscher Wachtelhund and is a strong muscular bird dog which is also often used to hunt, track and retrieve hares and foxes.

German spaniel standing on cobbled path, on lead

They love working in and around water as well as fields and forest.

The German Spaniel is slightly larger than the Springer, is a sturdy, strong boned dog. They can reach up to 21 inches (53 cm) and their average weight is between 44–66 pounds (20–30 kg).

Their coat is usually flat and is well-feathered, but quite short on the head and neck.

They have a high prey drive so it's always advisable to keep them on the lead is walked in town or the local neighborhood. These dogs are better suited to life in the open countryside and are not really suited to apartment or town living.

They  need lots of exercise and a confident owner who is capable of firm training and handling and for this reason, I personally, would not recommend the German Spaniel as a family dog.

The Pont-Audemer Spaniel

The Pont-Audemer Spaniel is a gun dog which originates from France. This is one of the rare spaniel breeds and you probably won't see them outside of France.

Pont Audemer Spaniel

It's a medium-sized dog, weighing around 20-27 kg (44-60lbs) and reaching up to 58cms (23").

Their coat is quite long and wavy and the coloring is liver/chocolate and white, ticking is usually present, and the hair on the face is smooth.

Because they like to 'play the fool' they can be quite entertaining to watch. They're very intelligent so they can be trained and they love to be with children - they make very good family dogs.

Like most dogs, they can become destructive if not exercised properly.

Spaniel Breeds: The Russian Spaniel

The Russian Spaniel breeds looks similar to the Cocker Spaniel, although they're taller and have a slightly longer body.

Russian spaniel in field

They're a pretty sturdy dog and can grow to between 38-46 cm in height, (15"-18") and can weigh up to 16 Kg (35lbs).

Coats are mainly white with dark brown, black or tan flecks or patches, but there are many combinations.

They're very friendly, easily trained and are reliable around children. They also like to be active so it's important that they're exercised well to keep them stable.

The Sussex Spaniel

The Sussex spaniel is stocky with shorter legs than the Cocker which means they are fairly low to the ground and they have an unusual rolling gait.

Beautiful Sussex spaniel

They are very similar in looks to the Clumber Spaniel (see above). Their coat is this and tends to curl and are a beautifully rich liver color, for which they are famous!

They normally grow to 13–15 in (33–38 cm) at the withers and weigh between 35–45 lb (16–20 kg). They're not particularly energetic but need to be walked daily.

Sussex spaniels are good for working in tough scrub and thick cover but they make excellent family pets too, but be warned, they are sometimes known to be habitual 'barkers'.

The Welsh Springer Spaniel

The Welsh Springer Spaniel is easily identified by its beautiful red and white, straight flat coat and smaller ears, however they're often mistaken for with the English Springer Spaniel.

Welsh springer spaniel in field

Its coat is feathered on the chest and underbelly, with light feathering on the ears and tail.

The Welsh Springer can measure up to 48cm (19") in height and can weigh anywhere between 16-20kg (35-45lb).

They're very loving and loyal dogs and easily bond to family members, but can be wary of outsiders.

The English Springer Spaniel

English Springer Spaniels are the tallest of the Spaniels, and are very active gun-dogs known for flushing and retrieving.

English springer spaniel standing in field

The Field bred Springer Spaniels have shorter, coarser coats than the show dogs and their coats can be seen in black and white, liver and white - both of which can have tan markings above the eyes or muzzle.

Springer spaniels are very playful and energetic and need lots of exercise to keep their feet on the ground. They're great with kids and fit into families very well indeed.

Spaniel Breeds: Summary

I hope you've learned a little more about the various breeds above, but please note that this isn't a definitive list and there many other spaniel breeds exist.

I didn't go into too much detail for any of them because my site is about Cockers, but if you need more information on any of the above spaniel breeds, you may be able to get what you're looking for on other sites on the internet. Just do a web search and type the words, 'spaniel breeds' (without the quotes) and the search engines will bring you what you're looking for.


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